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Energy Conservation

Energy conservation efforts involve actions designed to reduce energy expenditures and to make energy use more efficient without compromising the level of service, and while preserving a positive ecological balance. Energy conservation and energy efficiency are a vital goal for Israel's energy sector and that of other countries, as well as for large and small energy consumers, and the inhabitants of Israel and the world alike.
 
Energy conservation contributes to a reduction in energy expenses for the consumer, to an improved quality of life, to reduced pollution of air and water resources, and nationally, to a reduction in the economic burden and the dependence on energy imports.
 
The Israeli Government and the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources are promoting a wide range of activities to encourage energy conservation and energy efficiency for economic, strategic and environmental reasons.   
The National Plan for Energy Efficiency

​It is apparent to everyone that Israel’s electricity generation capacity is not growing at the rate of increased consumption. Israel is suffering from a chronic shortage electricity manifest primarily at times of peak demand in the summer and winter, but which also compromises the reliability of supplies the rest of the year. Without immediate action, a severe crisis is anticipated in the coming years liable to disrupt the economy and the lives of Israel's inhabitants.
 
Energy efficiency is a vital step to reducing energy consumption in general and electricity consumption in particular. The Ministry of Energy and Water Resources, as the agency responsible for Israel’s energy sector, is promoting a national plan for energy efficiency; however, its success depends on the cooperation of all the Government Ministries, the authorities and the public at large.
 
To comply with Government Resolution 4095 for energy conservation of at least 20% in 2020, the Ministry, in 2010, published   The National Plan for Energy Efficiency – Reduction in Electricity Consumption 2010-2020, prepared by the competent personnel in the Ministry. The plan's implementation is equivalent to the construction of a “virtual power station”, which we shall not have to build due to the efficiency steps contained in it. The expected savings by 2020 is equivalent to the cost of building a 3,400 MW power station (excluding the energy it itself consumes), namely, the sum of $4.25 billion.
 
This is an intensive, multi-agency plan aimed at achieving energy efficiency and conservation, that specifies the steps required in each sector, defines priorities, and presents the actions and implementation methods, that will led by the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources. The plan includes financial incentives, tax benefits, regulations, education, workshops, advertising, public awareness campaigns, etc.
 
Under the plan, the Ministry submitted a proposal to the Government to establish an energy efficiency fund with an annual budget of NIS 220 million, to be financed by raising electricity rates by one percent. The fund moneys will be given back to the public through various incentives, and the fruits of the conservation will be felt in the wallet by virtue of the lower energy bills that we will all pay.
 
Based on the plan, and within the framework of the national greenhouse gas emission reduction program, the Government has approved an energy efficiency plan. To this end, the Ministry has allocated NIS 157 million for each of the years 2011 and 2012 for activity in this area, an impressive rise compared to the NIS 6 million allocated in 2009; it has also added seven more personnel positions.

 
In addition to extensive and diverse activity in the scheme, for the first time, special emphasis has been placed on extending active enforcement to the  application of the regulations under the Energy Resources Law  dealing with energy efficiency. Expansion of the enforcement activity has already led, in the immediate term, to a dramatic rise in the number of energy surveys conducted in 2010, which found great potential for energy conservation at the production plants that conducted such surveys. The surveys indicate potential energy savings of 600 million kWh per year.
 
Implementation of the national plan will save the energy sector more than 100 billion kWh in 2020, reduce the need to build additional power stations saving billions of dollars, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by tens of millions of tons of CO2.

Energy Conservation in the Home
​The Ministry of Energy and Water Resources is taking steps to encourage energy conservation and increase public awareness of the subject, and promoting various initiatives and activities that will affect the everyday consumption of each and every one of us – at home, in industry, in the office, and in the public and business sectors.
  
The Ministry is promoting the vision of the “energy conscious home” and working to instill it in the public consciousness. The design of a home that is energy conscious and that takes the environment into account leads to reduced energy expenditure compared with a home that has not been designed in accordance with these principles. Energy conscious design and use of energy efficient and energy economical electrical appliances helps save energy and reduce electricity consumption while preserving our energy resources and the environment in which we live. 
International Cooperation
​The European Union has established a regional framework designed to boost energy efficiency in building construction and to promote the use of solar energy in buildings. The MED-ENEC and MED-ENEC 2 programs apply to all Middle Eastern countries, from Tunisia to Turkey.
 
The MED-ENEC program concentrated mainly on buildings, and the program  managers initiated a  contest to present innovative technologies, methods and methodologies for efficient energy use in them. The maximum prize was 100,000 Euro, each country choosing one winner. The Israeli winner was an energy conservation building in Sachnin.
 
The European Union MED-ENEC 2 program was designed to promote the concept of ESCOs (energy service companies) – a financing and engineering program for energy efficiency projects. Three seminars were held in 2012 in collaboration with business people, economists, experts and the relevant Government Ministries.
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